A Gallery of Images taken with Fresno State's Campus Observatory,
largely by students

M1, the Crab Nebula
M1, the Crab Nebula in Taurus
, remnant of the supernova seen in 1054 A.D., full-color (L 7 x 300s, R 600s, G 600s, B 2 x 600s) AO-7/ST-7XE image at f/6.3 by F. Ringwald, processed by Aaron Hathaway.

M16, the Eagle Nebula
M16, the Eagle Nebula in Serpens
, full-color (L made from Schuler H alpha 61 x 30s, R 25 x 30s, G 25 x 30s, B 41 x 30s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9E image at f/6.3 by F. Ringwald, processed by Steve Rodriguez.

M27, the Dumbbell Nebula
M27, the Dumbbell Nebula
, planetary nebula in Vulpecula, full-color (L 8 x 60 s through an Orion Skyglow filter, R 10 x 30s, G 14 x 30s, B 22 x 30s, all through a Hutech IDAS filter) ST-8 image at f/6.3 binned 2x2, by F. Ringwald, Aaron Hathaway, Takako Kurimoto, Sarah Lin, Blaine Parks, and Shawn Walters.

M57, the Ring Nebula
M57, the Ring Nebula in Lyra
,
full-color (R 5 min, G 5 min, B 2 x 5 min) AO-7/ST-7XE image at f/10 by F. Ringwald and G. Morgan.

Jupiter
Click here for an animation of Jupiter over 4.2 hours (466 kbytes)
(ST-10XME, no filter, f/38), 2003 March 25 (AVI file for Windows Media Player), by Greg Morgan. A full descrption is here: Io transits Jupiter, its shadow follows, then Europa emerges from left.
Click here for the Jupiter Gallery.

NGC 891, edge-on galaxy
in Cassiopeia
NGC 891, edge-on galaxy in Cassiopeia
,
full-color (L 5 x 600s, R 600s, G 600s, B 2 x 960s) AO-7/ST-7XE image at f/6.3 by F. Ringwald, processed by Aaron Hathaway.
Click here for the Galaxy Gallery.
M8 and M20
M20, the Trifid Nebula (top) and M8, the Lagoon Nebula (bottom)
, full-color (L 9 x 180s through an Orion Skyglow filter, R 9 x 180s, G 9 x 180s, B 13 x 180s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-polllution filter) ST-8 exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 and unsharp-masked by F. Ringwald, processed by Michelle Meyers.

The Moon
The Moon
, 2002 August 18, 1-second exposure at f/10 on 35-mm Kodak Gold 100 film, with the 4"x5" print scanned at 600 dpi, resampled, and reduced by 50% by
F. Ringwald.
Click here for the Moon Gallery.
Click here for the Eclipse Gallery.

The Sun
The Sun in H alpha light
, 2005 April 16, full-color Registax stack of 71 (out of 321) x 1/30-s unfiltered Philips ToUcam exposures through a Coronado Helios 1 (70mm, f/5.7, 0.8nm bandpass) solar telescope by F. Ringwald.
Click here for the Solar Gallery.

The Sun
The Sun in white light
, 1/8-s exposure on 200-speed Kodak Gold 35-mm film, through an Orion 90mm refractor and an Orion full-aperture glass solar filter at f/10 by F. Ringwald.
Click here for the Solar Gallery.

Mercury
Mercury
, near Greatest Western Elongation, 2003 September 27, average of 100 x 0.11-s ST-7XE exposures at f/20 (with a 2x Barlow lens) by F. Ringwald, processed with unsharp masking and local adaptative sharpening by Aaron Hathaway.

Venus
Venus
, 2005 November 18, full-color Registax stack of 40 (out of 548) x 1/30-s unfiltered Philips ToUcam exposures at f/20 (with a 2x Barlow lens) by F. Ringwald, processed by Jose Ortiz. The colors are from dispersion in Earth's atmosphere.

Mars
Mars
, 2005 November 17, full-color sharpened Registax stack of 1/30s Philips ToUcam exposures at f/20 by Ashton Ellis.
Click here for the Mars Gallery.

Jupiter
Jupiter and its Great Red Spot
,
2003 February 23 at 6:13 UT, full-color (255 images taken in 30 min, 42 used: R 10 x 0.33s, G 14 x 0.33s, B 18 x 0.33s) ST-10XME eyepiece projection at f/38 (click here for a short animation with no filter) (AVI file for Windows Media Player), by Greg Morgan.
Click here for the Jupiter Gallery.

Saturn
Saturn
, 2006 December 4, full-color sharpened Registax stack of Philips ToUcam exposures at f/20 (with a 2x Barlow lens) by Jeraldo Martinez.
Click here for the Saturn Gallery.
Uranus
Uranus and its moons
(from top to bottom: Umbriel, Miranda, Oberon, Ariel, Titania), 2003 October 12, full-color (L 36 x 1.0s, R 16 x 3.0s, G 16 x 3.0s, B 16 x 5.0s) ST-7XE image at f/10 by Matthew Garrett.

Neptune and Triton
Neptune and its moon Triton
, 2003 October 12, full-color (L 5 x 1.0s, R 5 x 3.0s, G 5 x 3.0s, B 5 x 5.0s) ST-7XE image at f/10 by Matthew Garrett.

Pluto
Pluto at V = 13.8
, 2004 May 13, 9 x 300-s ST-7XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 with a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter by F. Ringwald.

Vesta
Asteroid 4 Vesta
, 2006 April 17, 32 x 10-s ST-9XE exposures (with 60-s delays between each) at f/6.3 through a 9.0-nm Schuler H alpha filter by F. Ringwald.

Comet Machholz
Comet Machholz
(C/2004 Q2), 2005 January 30, a single 300-s exposure with a Canon-EOS 300D Digital Rebel AstroCamera (modified for astrophotography by Hutech) at ISO 1600 through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 with a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter by F. Ringwald.

The Moon and Venus
The Moon and Venus
. (The reflected Earthshine on the Moon is called the "Old Moon in the New Moon's Arms.") This is a 1/15-second exposure on 800-speed Fujicolor Superia X-Tra film, through a zoom telephoto lens with f = 135 mm at f/4 and post-processed with Neat Image, by F. Ringwald.

NGC 7008, planetary nebula 
in Cygnus
NGC 7008, planetary nebula in the constellation Cygnus (the Swan)
, full-color (L 11 x 20s, R 5 x 20s, G 5 x 20s, B 9 x 20s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE exposures at f/6.3 by F. Ringwald, processed by Steve Rodriguez.

M3, the globular cluster in 
Canes Venatici
M3, globular cluster in the constellation Canes Venatici (the Hunting Dogs)
, full-color (L 11 x 20s, R 5 x 20s, G 5 x 20s, B 9 x 20s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE exposures at f/6.3 by F. Ringwald, processed by Steve Rodriguez.
Click here for the Globular Cluster Gallery.

M11, the Wild Ducks (open cluster 
in Scutum)
M11, "the Wild Ducks"
(open cluster in Scutum), full-color (L 11 x 20s, R 5 x 20s, G 5 x 20s, B 9 x 20s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE image at f/6.3 by Ben Zastnovik.
Click here for the Open Cluster Gallery.


61 
Cygni
61 Cygni
, nearby double star system, full-color ToUcam image at f/20 (with a 2x Barlow lens) by F. Ringwald.
Click here for the
Bright and Multiple Stars Gallery.

M45, the Pleiades
M45, the Pleiades
, open cluster in Taurus, full-color (L 79 x 180s, R 15 x 180s, G 15 x 180s, B 15 x 300s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE image through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by F. Ringwald.
Click here for the Open Cluster Gallery.

Wide-field image of the Moon
Wide-field image of the Moon
, median of 25 x 0.1-second ST-9XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 through a 9.0-nm Schuler H alpha filter and unsharp-masked by F. Ringwald.

M17, the Swan Nebula
M17, the Swan Nebula
, full-color (L 9 x 180s through an Orion Skyglow filter, R 9 x 180s, G 9 x 180s, B 13 x 180s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-7XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by F. Ringwald, processed by Michelle Meyers.

M42, the Great Nebula in Orion
M42, the Great Nebula in Orion
, 2 x 180s ST-8 exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 with a 4.5-nm Custom Scientific H alpha filter, processed by digital development, by F. Ringwald.

IC 434, 
the Horsehead Nebula (center), and NGC 2024, the Flame Nebula (bottom 
left, near the bright star Zeta Orionis, or Alnitak)
IC 434, the Horsehead Nebula (center), and NGC 2024, the Flame Nebula (bottom left, near the bright star Zeta Orionis, or Alnitak)
, full-color (L 11 x 180s, R 5 x 180s, G 5 x 180s, B 9 x 180s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by Jonathan Roveto and Kenia Velasco.

M52 and NGC 7635
M52 (at top left) and NGC 7635, the Bubble Nebula
, open cluster and nebulosity in Cassiopeia, full-color (L 79 x 180s, R 15 x 180s, G 15 x 180s, B 15 x 300s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE image through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by F. Ringwald, processed by David Baer.

M42, the Great Nebula in Orion
M42, the Great Nebula in Orion
, full-color (L 79 x 180s, R 15 x 180s, G 15 x 180s, B 15 x 300s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE image through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by Jaime Vargas.




The Coathanger, also called Collinder 399
The Coathanger
, also called Collinder 399, asterism in Vulpecula, full-color (L 27 x 120s, R 5 x 120s, G 5 x 120s, B 9 x 120s, all through a Hutech IDAS light-pollution filter) ST-9XE image through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by F. Ringwald, processed by Zachary Girazian.


North American 
Nebula
The Southern Half of the North America Nebula
(NGC 7000) in Cygnus, median of 25 x 120-second ST-9XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 through a 9.0-nm Schuler H alpha filter by F. Ringwald, processed by Shawn Walters.

NGC 2237, the Rosette 
Nebula
NGC 2237-9,46, the Rosette Nebula
, surrounding open cluster NGC 2244 in Monoceros, full-color (L made from L 9 x 600s + Schuler H alpha 3 x 600s, R 3 x 600s, G 3 x 600s, B 5 x 600s) ST-9XE image through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 by F. Ringwald.


NGC 2237, the Rosette Nebula
NGC 2237, the Rosette Nebula
in Monoceros, median of 3 x 600-second ST-9XE exposures through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 through a 9.0-nm Schuler H alpha filter by F. Ringwald.



Comet Pan-STARRS and the Moon
Comet Pan-STARRS and a 31-hour-old Moon
, 2013 March 12 at 7:54 p.m, 50 minutes after sunset. This is a 1.0-s exposure, taken with a Canon-EOS 60Da DSLR camera at ISO 1600 through a Canon EF 100-400mm f4.5-5.6L IS USM Telephoto Zoom lens at F=100mm and f/4.5 and processed with Neat Image by F. Ringwald.

Jupiter
Jupiter and its moons
, 2004 March 19 at 05:00 UT, full-color ST-7XE LRGB image at f/6.3 by Dan Chase and Scott Endler. The moons reproduced as red and green spots, because of the way the color image was taken, one filter at a time. From west (left) to east (right), the moons are Io, Europa, and (on the east side of Jupiter) Callisto. The Great Red Spot is just visible, on the western limb.

IC 1848, the 
Soul Nebula
IC 1848, the Soul Nebula in Cassiopeia
, 2008 November 18, mosaic of two full-color ST-9XE images (L 24x60s, R 11x60s, G 10x60s, B 11x60s) through the 70-mm guidescope at f/5.7 and a Hutech IDAS light-polution filter by Randy Clark.

NGC 4565
Edge-on galaxy NGC 4565
, 49 x 30-s ST-8 exposures at f/6.3, by F. Ringwald.

Click here for the Galaxy Gallery.

Click here for the Globular Cluster Gallery.

Click here for the Open Cluster Gallery.

Click here for Bright and Multiple Stars Gallery.

Click here for the Solar Gallery.

Click here for the Eclipse Gallery.

Click here for the Moon Gallery.

Click here for the Mars Gallery.

Click here for the Jupiter Gallery.

Click here for the Saturn Gallery.

Click here for the Sierra Nevada Gallery.

Click here for the Mount Laguna Gallery.


Go to Dr. Ringwald's page on Research Opportunities for Students, Teachers, and Amateur Astronomers


Last updated 2014 June 11. Web page by Dr. Ringwald (ringwald[at]csufresno.edu and replace [at] with @)
Department of Physics, California State University, Fresno. Please read this disclaimer.