web counters COP



1.  Decentralization (command-decision making)

2.  Permanent beat assignments

3.  Daily face to face contact with citizens

4.  Foot patrol (depending on type of community)

5.  Problem solving-underlying dynamics

6.  Creativity-Sticker in window to deter car thefts

Nypd.jpg (28718 bytes)

7.  Enable communities to solve own problems-

8.  Priority reassessment

9.  Address Crime, Fear of Crime, Disorder and  Quality of life issues

10.  CPO - new breed

koban.jpg (34149 bytes)
Koban outside of Tokyo, Japan

11.  Sharing power-volunteers, soliciting input- etc.

12.  Developing Trust-Media-inquiries

13.  Philosophy-partnership

Difficulties with Community Policing

1.  Expensive

2.  Lack of evaluation -before-after

3. Lack of definition-understanding of what (CP) it is
(foot patrol, title, crime prevention etc)

4. Resistance to change-mid level officers

5.  Resistance to change-patrol officers

6.  Definition of community- if no community-cannot create one

7.  Willingness of community residents to participate-Gates comment

8.  Not implemented department wide-(COP officers perceived as smile and wave officers)

9.  Commitment and support by politicans may wane-not quick fix

10.  Lack of direct supervision-potential for abuse

11.  LE Agency fragmentation

12.  Friction/animosity between LE agencies

13.  Additional training Required-For CPO and supervisors

14.  Training for politicians?
15.  Human relations training limited in basic training/academy

15.  New breed-With old material- values of subculture/attitudes which exist

For more links to information on community policing click here

Important Concepts/Information, lectures 1-3:

Each of the three components of the CJ system affect each other.

Agencies within a component, i.e. courts, police or corrections, affect each other.

It is important to study all three components since they all affect each other

It is important to study all three components since all can experience similar problems.

Individual goals and objectives of in each component may conflict with those of other components.

There can be no mission for the entire C.J. system since no one is in charge of it.

Policing in the United States is highly fragmented with more than separate 18,000 agencies

The goals of one C.J. component may conflict with those of another

Uniformity among all law enforcement agencies, corrections, and the courts is not possible

Funding sources differ for most agencies, hence differences in operation, effectiveness, goals, etc.

Some Public Sector jobs can have benefits and rewards similar to private sector jobs

Some Public Sector jobs simply are not intrinsically rewarding

Our C.J. System is not much of a system

There are six crucial elements to a bureaucracy, according to Max Weber

A bureaucratic structure provides stability and continuity even as leaders change

The level of bureaucracy may differ depending on the type and nature of an organization

Management is following and applying rules

Leadership is breaking them and making new ones

Leaders may become ineffective if they have a strong need to be liked

Leaders have great difficult disciplining those they care for

Rule based on fear is more stable/better than rule based on love of the leader

Scientific Management Theory used science/math to assess what a worker should do and how

Under S.M.T. all workers are naturally lazy

Under S.M.T. workers can be motivated by money

Under S.M.T. Management should only involve itself in routine decision making

Under S.M.T. it is not possible to determine how much someone can really work.

Under Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, workers can be motivated by satisfying those needs

It is not possible to satisfy all five needs in every organization

Managers make different assumptions about their workers, which affects their leadership style

Most managers believe their workers do not like to work and must be coerced or threatend to do their job

Under the Immaturity/Maturity Model of Chris Argyris, unproductive workers are not lazy, but immature.

An organization can make workers more or less mature.

Community Policing customizes police priorities and responses based on issues unique to individual neighborhood
Organizational changes required for community policing are expensive and difficult to implement.