How should it be measured?
WHAT IS IT?
Peter Manning-Police Effectiveness: One of the difficulties involved in the measurements that have been done…is that they are aggregated measures which do not take into account political, cultural, social realities… (commenting on measurements of police effectiveness).
Organizational Effectiveness-main focus in theoretical and practical oriented literature on organizations.
To measure effectiveness:
· Identify criteria
· Measure criteria
· How are outcomes measured
What about qualitative assessment of outcome?
What is good/bad?
· Corrections? Overcrowding vs. Safety of Public
· Courts? Giuliani-defense of three year sentence for Boesky-utility of sentence
DEFINITION OF EFFECTIVENESS:
What is Organizational Effectiveness:
Match between goals and outcome
Continued organizational existence
IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE?
To managers-effectiveness is bottom line
Relative E. determined by studies can influence
policy and operational decisions
Redistribution of resources
Effectiveness studies: politically intertwined
of more telephones in Detention facility-
impact on prosecutor’s ability to plea bargain.
COMMON THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE
CJ-arrest rates, conviction rates, recidivism-
part of goal model
IDENTIFICATION OF PRIMARY GOALS
PROBLEMATIC IN CJ
Efficiency vs. Effectiveness problem
RESPONDING FASTER TO CALLS-Public Relations?
Ability to untangle different variables affecting Recidivism